Study Group
Enterovirus A
Enterovirus interleaved
Enterovirus A
Enterovirus B
Enterovirus C
Enterovirus D
Enterovirus E
Enterovirus F
Enterovirus G
Enterovirus H
Enterovirus J
Rhinovirus A
Rhinovirus B
Rhinovirus C
Unassigned types
Combining types

Genus Enterovirus

Species Enterovirus A

New type Strain ID Proposer Supporting data Accession Reference(s)
EV-A76 FRA91-10369 Steve Oberste CG AY697458 Oberste et al., 2005
EV-A89 BAN00-10359 Steve Oberste CG AY697459 Oberste et al., 2005
BAN00-10360 P1 AY697472 Oberste et al., 2005
3D(p) AY697500 Oberste et al., 2005
EV-A90 BAN99-10399 Steve Oberste CG* AY697460 Oberste et al., 2005
F950027 (Netherlands) CG* AY773285 van den Broek et al., unpublished
CAM1956 (Cambodia) CG* AB192877 Shimizu et al., unpublished
EV-A91 BAN00-10406 Steve Oberste CG* AY697461 Oberste et al., 2005
BAN99-10407 P1 AY697476 Oberste et al., 2005
3D(p) AY697507 Oberste et al., 2005
EV-A92 USA/GA99-RJg-7 (monkey) Steve Oberste CG EF667344 Oberste et al., unpublished
EV-A114 BAN-11610 Steve Oberste VP1
Oberste et al., unpub.
Deshpande et al., 2016
EV-A119 09C13CMR (Cameroon) Helene Norder VP2(p)to 2A(p) KC787153 Ayukekbong et al., unpub.
EV-A120 184977-PNG-09 Jason Roberts 5'UTR(p) to 2B(p) KM198310  Roberts et al., 2016
EV-A121 V13-0682 (India) Jagadish Deshpande CG KU355877 Deshpande et al., 2016
EV-A122 SV19-M19s PSG CG AF326754 Oberste et al, 2002
EV-A123 SV43-OM112t PSG CG AF326761 Oberste et al, 2002
EV-A124 SV46-OM22 PSG CG AF326764 Oberste et al, 2002
EV-A125 BA13 PSG CG AF326750 Oberste et al, 2002

* but has a PV/HEV-C/HEV-D-like 5' UTR.
n/a, not available yet.
CG, complete genome sequence
(p), partial sequence
PSG, Picornaviridae Study Group
prototype strains are shown in bold type


Bailly, J.L., Cardoso, M.C. and Peigue-Lafeuille H. (2004). Isolation and identification of an enterovirus 77 recovered from a refugee child from Kosovo, and characterization of the complete virus genome. Virus Res. 99: 147-155.
Blomqvist S, Savolainen C, Raman L, Roivainen M, Hovi T. (2002). Human rhinovirus 87 and enterovirus 68 represent a unique serotype with rhinovirus and enterovirus features. J Clin Microbiol. 40: 4218-4223.
Brown, B., Oberste, M.S., Maher, K. and, Pallansch, M.A. (2003). Complete genomic sequencing shows that polioviruses and members of human enterovirus species C are closely related in the noncapsid coding region. J. Virol. 77: 8973-8984.
Daleno, C., Piralla, A., Scala, A., Baldanti, F., Usonis, V., Principi, N. and Esposito, S. (2012). Complete genome sequence of a novel human enterovirus C (HEV-C117) identified in a child with community-acquired pneumonia. J. Virol. 86: 10888-10889.
Junttila, N., Leveque, N., Kabue, J.P., Cartet, G., Mushiya, F., Muyembe-Tamfum, J.J., Trompette, A., Lina, B., Magnius, L.O., Chomel, J.J. and Norder, H. (2007). New enteroviruses, EV-93 and EV-94, associated with acute flaccid paralysis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. J. Med. Virol. 79: 393-400.
Ishiko, H., Miura, R., Shimada, Y., Hayashi, A., Nakajima, H., Yamazaki, S. and Takeda, N. (2002). Human rhinovirus 87 identified as human enterovirus 68 by VP4-based molecular diagnosis. Intervirology 45: 136-141.
Liu et al., 2000
Lukashev, A.N., Drexler, J.F., Kotova, V.O., Amjaga, E.N., Reznik, V.I., Gmyl, A.P., Grard, G., Tay Taty, R., Trotsenko, O.E., Leroy, E.M. and Drosten, C. (2012). Novel types 105 and 116 are members of distinct subgroups of Human enterovirus C. J. Gen. Virol., in press.
Norder, H., Bjerregaard, L., Magnius, L., Lina, B., Aymard, M. and Chomel, J.J. (2003). Sequencing of 'untypable' enteroviruses reveals two new types, EV-77 and EV-78, within human enterovirus type B and substitutions in the BC loop of the VP1 protein for known types. J. Gen. Virol. 84: 827-836.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Kilpatrick, D.R. and Pallansch, M.A. (1999). Molecular evolution of the human enteroviruses: correlation of serotype with VP1 sequence and application to picornavirus classification. J. Virol. 73: 1941-1948.
Oberste et al, 2002
Oberste, M.S., Michele, S.M., Maher, K., Schnurr, D., Cisterna, D., Juntilla, N., Uddin, M., Chomel, J.J., Lau, C.S., Ridha, W., al-Busaidy, S., Norder, H., Magnius, L.O. and Pallansch, M.A. (2004). Molecular identification and characterization of two proposed new enterovirus serotypes, EV74 and EV75. J. Gen. Virol. 85: 3205-3212.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Michele, S.M., Belliot, G., Uddin, M. and Pallansch, M.A. (2005). Enteroviruses 76, 89, 90 and 91 represent a novel group within the species Human enterovirus A. J. Gen. Virol. 86: 445-451.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Williams, A.J., Dybdahl-Sissoko, N., Brown, B.A., Gookin, M.S., Penaranda, S., Mishrik, N., Uddin, M. and Pallansch, M.A. (2006). Species-specific RT-PCR amplification of human enteroviruses: a tool for rapid species identification of uncharacterized enteroviruses J. Gen. Virol. 87: 119-128.
Oberste, M.S., Maher, K., Nix, W.A., Michele, S.M., Uddin, M., Schnurr, D., al-Busaidy, S., Akoua-Koffi, C. and Pallansch, M.A. (2007). Molecular identification of 13 new enterovirus types, EV79-88, EV97, and EV100-101, members of the species Human Enterovirus B. Virus Res. 128: 34-42.
Savolainen, C., Blomqvist, S., Mulders, M.N. and Hovi, T. (2002). Genetic clustering of all 102 human rhinovirus prototype strains: serotype 87 is close to human enterovirus 70. J. Gen. Virol. 83: 333-340.

Smura, T.P., Juanttila, N., Blomqvist, S., Norder, H., Kaijalainen, S., Paananen, A., Magnius, L.O., Hovi, T. and Roivainen, M. (2007). Enterovirus 94, a proposed new serotype in human enterovirus species D. J. Gen. Virol. 88: 849-858.

Tapparel, C., Junier, T., Gerlach, D., Van-Belle, S., Turin, L., Cordey, S., Mühlemann, K., Regamey, N., Aubert, J.D., Soccal, P.M., Eigenmann, P., Zdobnov, E. and Kaiser, L. (2009). New respiratory enterovirus and recombinant rhinoviruses among circulating picornaviruses. Emerg. Infect Dis. 15: 719-726.
van den Broek, P., Shimizu, H., Maas, J., Li, C., Utama, A., Miyamura, T., Luken, M., Beld, M., Berkhout, B., van der Hoek, L. and Mang, R. A novel human enterovirus serotype in fecal samples from HIV-1 infected persons and patients with acute flaccid paralysis. Unpublished.
Yang, X.-H., Pang, W.-Y.,  Xu, W.-B.,  Mao, N.-Y. and Yan, Y.-S. A preliminary study on a suspicious new type enteroviruses. Unpublished. [EPI, Fujian CDC, 76 Jing Tai Road, FuZhou, Fujian 350001, China]